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Ten Thousand Miles Through Canada




Deer and moose from Sept. 1st to Dec. 31st inclusive.

Caribou „ Sept. 1st to Jan. 31st „

Bear Aug. 20th to June 30th „

Exceptions.—In Ottawa and Pontiac counties deer and moose opens October ist and closes November 30th.


Not more than one moose, two deer, and two caribou may be killed in one season by any one person. All deer, moose, or caribou killed must be over one year old.- No cow moose must be killed at any time.


Non-resident’s season licence, £5. Not transferable. Fishing

Salmon from Feb. 2nd to Aug. 14th inclusive.

Trout (speckled) „ May 1st to Sept. 30th „

Trout (grey) „ Dec. 20th to Oct. 14th „

Pike and pickerel „ May 16th to April 14th „

Bass ,, June 16th to April ist „

Maskalonge „ June 15th to April 15th „

Whitefish ,, Dec. ist to Nov. 30th „

Ouananiche .. Dec. 1st to Sept. 30th „


Trout and coarse fish, non-resident’s season licence, £2. Club members, £1.


NEW BRUNSWICK Shooting Deer, moose, and caribou from Sept. 15th to Nov. 30th inclusive.

Mink, fisher, sable „ Nov. 15th to March 31st „


No more than one bull moose, one caribou, and two deer may be killed.


Non-resident’s season licence, £10.


Salmon angling from Feb. ist to Aug. 15th inclusive. Trout (all species) „ April ist to Sept. 30th „

Bass. No close time.


All fishing free.

NOVA SCOTIA Shooting Moose from Oct. 1st to Jan. 1st inclusive.

Hares, rabbits, mink „ Nov. 1st to Feb. 28th ,, Grouse, partridge „ Oct. 1st to Nov. 30th „

Duck, teal, snipe, woodcock „ Aug. 20th to Feb. 28th „

Otter, fox. No close season.


Caribou, deer, beaver, protected. Two male moose only to be killed.

In Cape Breton All birds from August 20th to February 28th inclusive. Caribou, deer, beaver, moose, pheasants, partridge, spruce, protected.

Licence Non-resident’s licence, £6.


Non-resident’s licence for season, £2. For three months, £1.



Deer from Nov. 1st to Nov. 15th inclusive.

Duck „ Sept. 1st to Dec. 31st „

Geese and swans „ Sept. 15th to April 30th „ Woodcock, partridge, grouse, pheasants „ Sept. 15th to Dec. 15th „

Hares „ Oct. 1st to Dec. 31st „

Plover and snipe „ Sept. 1st to Dec. 15th „ Squirrels „ Nov. 1st to Dec. 1st „


Two male deer, one male moose and caribou only to be killed.

South of main line C.P. Railway.

Moose and caribou from Nov. 1st to Nov. 15th inclusive.

North of the railway.

Moose and caribou from Oct. 16th to Nov. 15th inclusive.


Non-resident’s licence, £10. Resident’s deer shooting,  Moose and caribou, £1.


from Dec. 1st to Oct. 31st inclusive.




Trout (speckled) Trout (grey) Pickerel Whitefish

„ June 16th to April 14th ,,
„ June 16th to April 14th „
„ May ist to Sept. 14th „
„ Dec. ist to Oct. 31st ,,
„ May 16th to April 14th „
„ Dec. ist to Oct. 31st „


Bass in Lake Erie west of Point Pelde, season, July 16th to May 26th inclusive. The close season for whitefish in Lake Erie and St. Clair bordering on the counties of Essex, Kent, Haldimand and Monk, and the close season for pickerel in Lake Huron and St. Clair River off the county of Lambton have been abolished.

Bass limit, 8 per day. Maskalonge limit, 4 per day. Pickerel limit, 12 per day. Speckled and brook trout limit, 30 per day.


Non-resident’s season licence, 8*. 4d. Single families, £1.



Moose, caribou, elk, antelope, and reindeer from Dec. ist to Dec. 15th inclusive. Grouse, chicken, partridge „ Oct. ist to Oct. 20th „

Plover, woodcock, snipe „ Aug. 1st to Dec. 31st „

Swan, geese, duck Fisher, sable Marten Muskrat

from Sept. ist to Dec. 31st inclusive. „ Nov. ist to March 31st ,,

,, Nov. ist to April 15th ,,

„ Nov. ist to April 30th ,,


Moose, caribou, elk, antelope and reindeer limit, 1 male. Duck, geese, swan, limit, 20 birds per diem or 100 per season.


Non-resident’s licence for season (British), ,£5, (alien), ^20. Residents, 8s. 4d.



Moose, caribou, deer, elk Antelope ,,

Otter „

Muskrat ,,

Mink, fisher, marten „ Swan, geese, duck, snipe, landrail, plover, curlew, coots „ Grouse, partridge, chicken „ Cranes ,,

from Dec. 1st to Dec. 14th inclusive. „ Oct. 1st to Nov. 14th „

,, Nov. 1st to April 30th ,,

,, Nov. 1st to May 14th „

„ Nov. 1st to March 31st ,,

Sept. 1st to Dec. 31st

Sept. 15th to Nov. 30th Aug. ist to Dec. 31st


Moose, caribou, deer, elk limit, 2 males to each person. Grouse, partridge, chicken limit, 10 per diem or 100 per season.


Game licence for season, £20. Bird licence for season £10.


Moose, caribou, deer from Nov. 1st to Dec. 1st inclusive. Antelope „ Oct. 1st to Nov. 1st „

Goat and sheep „ Sept. 1st to Oct. 15th ,,

Otter, muskrat „ Nov. 1st to April 30th ,.

Fisher, mink, marten „ Nov. ist to March 31st ,, Swan, geese, duck „ Aug. 24th to Dec. 31st „ Grouse, pheasant,

partridge, chicken ,, Oct. 1st to Nov. 1st ,, Crane, snipe, plover, curlew ,, Sept. 1st to Dec. 31st „


Moose, caribou, red deer limit, 1 male. Antelope limit, 2 males. Goat limit, 2 males. Sheep limit, 2 males. Grouse, pheasant, partridge, chicken limit, 20 per diem, or 200 per season.


Non-resident’s season licence, big game, £5. Birds, Resident’s, iox. Resident’s guests, 8,r.


Moose, caribou, elk from Sept. ist to Dec. 31st inclusive. Deer „ Sept. 1st to Dec. 14th

Sheep and goat „ Sept. 1st to Nov. 14th

Beaver „ Nov. 1st to March 31st

Otter and marten ,, Nov. 1st to March 31st Hares „ Sept. 1st to Dec. 31st


Moose, females and calves, protected, bulls limit, 2. Deer, fawns must not be killed under 1 year old, adult limit, 5. Caribou, females and calves protected, bulls limit, 3. Elk, females and calves under 2 years old protected, bulls limit, 2. Sheep and goat, ewes and lambs protected, goat limit, 3, rams, 2. Rams in Kootenay district limit, 1.

Selling or buying heads of moose, caribou, elk or sheep is strictly prohibited.


Non-resident’s licence, £20. Military men of British Army and Canadian Militia in service in the province are excepted.


Salmon, no close season.

Trout (grey) from Nov. 14th to Sept. 30th inclusive. Trout of all other

species „ Jan. ist to Sept. 30th „

Sturgeon „ July 16th to May 31st „

Whitefish „ Nov. 14th to Sept. 30th „


Non-resident’s, £1.


A CAREFULLY selected equipment adds materially to the success and pleasure of a Canadian trip. A large part of the camping outfit can be purchased or hired on the spot. Good tents, cooking utensils, and tinned provisions can be procured from the Agency which provides the guides.

There are certain things that are best not hired; blankets, rugs, and mackintoshes should be personally provided. At the end of the trip a sense of gratitude will probably suggest their presentation to the faithful attendants. It is rarely advisable to retain them.

Where pack-horses are not used, and guides have to carry tent, provisions, etc., the equipment should be as light as possible and few articles duplicated.

For purposes of photography I took a half-plate “Instantograph” with a stereoscopic lens. The scenes are so magnificent and full of detail that the larger the camera is, the better; most of those in the foregoing pages were taken with a whole plate. There are places where it is impossible to carry, or even set up so large an apparatus, and a second and quickly adjustable camera should be slung round the shoulders in readiness. I found a folding “Clito,” with “Ensign” lens convenient, but in the fierce light a thick cloth should be used to protect the slides, and nothing but backed plates should be used. It is necessary to climb to get the best results, and at times to descend into creeks and canons where both hands are needed for personal safety.

A good field glass for purposes of natural history is indispensable. My equipment for salmon angling consisted of a 16-ft. split cane fly rod. This will be found equal to cope with any of the species that rise to the fly. Cohoes are the most likely to prove game for that kind of angling, and they only run in size from 4 lb. to 8 lb. or 9 lb., and correspond to the grilse of Ireland and Scotland in fighting power. For trolling with spoon bait in the Pacific, I used a 10 ft. 9 in. long split cane spinning rod, and found nothing that it could not control and play efficiently. For large spring salmon I had a much heavier rod, 11 ft. long, greenheart make, and very stiff in the build. This is necessary not only to hold the monsters one may meet, but also to bear the strain of a 3-in. spoon drawn through the water. For trout fishing with both wet and dry fly a good 10-ft. split cane rod is all that is needed. For spinning, the light trolling rod used for salmon, with a longer and more flexible top, is equal to the strength and activity of lake trout, and lends itself to mounting fine tackle. Both of these rods are also suitable for fly fishing and spinning or trolling for bass. The heavy trolling rod can also be used for maskalonge, and the light one for pike or pickerel. Reels of salmon and trout make should be of the usual size for the rods described. A large-sized trout net and a telescopic gaff are required for landing the quarry. Tackle is fully described in the main text; it should be carefully selected and of the best quality.

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