Departure from Greenock in the Brig "Laurel".--Fitting up of the
Vessel.--Boy Passenger.--Sea Prospect.--Want of Occupation and
Arrival off Newfoundland.--Singing of the Captain's Goldfinch previous to
discovery of Land.--Gulf of St. Laurence.--Scenery of the River St.
Laurence.--Difficult navigation of the River.--French Fisherman engaged as
Pilot.--Isle of Bic.--Green Island.--Regular Pilot engaged.--Scenery of
Green Island.--Gros Isle.--Quarantine Regulations.--Emigrants on Gros
Isle.--Arrival off Quebec.--Prospect of the City and Environs.
Departure from Quebec.--Towed by a Steam-vessel.--Fertility of the
Country.--Different Objects seen in sailing up the River.--Arrival off
Landing at Montreal.--Appearance of the Town.--Ravages of the
Cholera.--Charitable Institutions in Montreal.--Conversation at the
Hotel.--Writer attacked with the Cholera.--Departure from Montreal in a
Stage-coach.--Embark at Lachine on board a Steam-vessel. Mode of travelling
alternately in Steam-vessels and Stages.--Appearance of the
Country.--Manufactures.--Ovens at a distance from the
Cottages.--Draw-wells.--Arrival at Cornwall.--Accommodation at the
Inn.--Departure from Cornwall, and Arrival at Prescott.--Arrival at
Brockville.--Ship-launch there.--Voyage through Lake Ontario.--Arrival at
Journey from Cobourg to Amherst.--Difficulties to be encountered on first
settling in the Backwoods.--Appearance of the Country.--Rice Lake.--Indian
Habits.--Voyage up the Otanabee.--Log- house, and its Inmates.--Passage
boat.--Journey on foot to Peterborough.
Peterborough.--Manners and Language of the Americans.--Scotch
Engineman.--Description of Peterborough and its Environs.--Canadian
Flowers.--Shanties.--Hardships suffered by first Settlers.--Process of
establishing a Farm.
Journey from Peterborough.--Canadian Woods.--Waggon and Team.--Arrival at a
Log-house on the Banks of a Lake.--Settlement, and first Occupations.
Inconveniences of first Settlement.--Difficulty of obtaining Provisions and
other necessaries.--Snow-storm and Hurricane.-- Indian Summer, and
setting-in of Winter.--Process of clearing the Land.
Loss of a yoke of Oxen.--Construction of a Log-house.--Glaziers' and
Carpenters' work.--Description of a new Log-house.--Wild Fruits of the
Country.--Walks on the Ice.--Situation of the House.--Lake and surrounding
Variations in the Temperature of the Weather.--Electrical
Phenomenon.--Canadian Winter.--Country deficient in Poetical
Associations.--Sugar-making.--Fishing season.--Mode of Fishing.--Duck-
shooting.--Family of Indians.--"Papouses" and their Cradle-cases.-- Indian
Emigrants suitable for Canada.--Qualities requisite to ensure
Success.--Investment of Capital.--Useful Articles to be brought
out.--Qualifications and Occupations of a Settler's Family.--Deficiency of
Patience and Energy in some Females.--Management of the Dairy.--
Cheese.--Indian Corn, and its Cultivation.--Potatoes.--Rates of Wages.
"A Logging Bee."--Burning of the Log-heaps.--Crops for the Season.--Farming
Stock.--Comparative Value of Wheat and Labour.--Choice of Land, and relative
Advantages.--Clearing Land.--Hurricane in the Woods.--Variable
Health enjoyed in the rigour of Winter.--Inconvenience suffered from the
brightness of the Snow.--Sleighing.--Indian Orthography.--Visit to an Indian
Encampment.--Story of an Indian.--An Indian Hunchback.--Canadian
Utility of Botanical Knowledge.--The Fire-Weed.-- Sarsaparilla
Plants.--Magnificent Water Lily.--Rice Beds.--Indian Strawberry.--Scarlet
Recapitulation of various Topics.--Progress of Settlement.--Canada, the Land
of Hope.--Visit to the Family of a Naval Officer.--Squirrels.--Visit to, and
Story of, an Emigrant Clergyman.--His early Difficulties.--The Temper,
Disposition, and Habits of Emigrants essential Ingredients in Failure or
Indian Hunters.--Sail in a Canoe.--Want of Libraries in the Backwoods.--New
Village.--Progress of Improvement.--Fire flies.
Ague.--Illness of the Family.--Probable Cause.--Root- house.--Setting-in of
Winter.--Insect termed a "Sawyer."--Temporary Church.
Busy Spring.--Increase of Society and Comfort.--Recollections of