Thomas John Thomson,
painter (born 5 August 1877 in Claremont, ON; died 8 July 1917 in
Algonquin Provincial Park, ON). Tom Thomson came from Scottish Canadian
stock. The sixth of ten children, he was born in the town of Claremont
in Pickering Township, Ontario.
Tom Thomson was the most influential and enduringly popular Canadian
artist of the early 20th century. An intense, wry and gentle artist with
a canny sensibility, he was an early inspiration for what became the
Group of Seven. He was one of the first painters to give acute visual
form to the Canadian landscape. His works portray the natural world in a
way that is poetic but still informed by direct experience. Many of his
paintings, such as The West Wind (1916–17) and The Jack Pine (1916–17),
have become icons of Canadian culture. He produced about 50 canvases and
more than 400 sketches in his short professional career. His legend only
grew after his untimely death at the age of 39.