Since September 1st,
1905, the North-West Territories include the vast unorganized districts
of Franklin, Keewatin, Mackenzie and Ungava.
Territories are under the control of an executive officer called the
Commissioner of the North-West Territories, who administers the
government under such instructions as may be given him from time to time
by the Governor in Council or by the Minister of the Interior. The
Governor in Council may appoint a number of persons, not exceeding four,
to aid the commissioner in the discharge of his duties. The Commissioner
has the same powers to make ordinances for the government of the
Territories as were vested in the Lieutenant Governor in Council of the
old North-West Territories.
The district of
Keewatin, which was formerly under the administration of the Lieutenant
Governor of Manitoba, was in 1905 re-annexed to the North-West
Territories and made subject to the same government and laws as the
The Royal North-West
Mounted Police force, maintained by the Dominion Government, is the
chief instrument employed in the administration of the Territories and
in the enforcement of the law.
The Yukon Territory was
created in the year 1898. It is governed by a Commissioner appointed by
the Governor in Council. He administers the government of the Territory
under such instructions as he may receive
from time to time from
the Governor in Council or from the Minister of the Interior. The
Governor in Council may appoint a number of persons, not exceeding six,
to be a Council to aid the Commissioner in the administration of the
Territory. These members hold office for two years, and before being
appointed must take the oaths of allegiance and of office.
The Governor in Council
has certain defined powers respecting the election of members to the
Council. He may also make ordinances for the government of the Territory
respecting various matters, such as taxation, liquor traffic, municipal
institutions, administration of justice, expenditure of money, and
generally all such matters as are of a local or private nature, and are
for the peace, order and good government of the Territory. He also
continues to have all the powers vested in the Governor in Council under
the North-West Territories Act.
Provision was also made
for the passing of ordinances respecting education and for the
establishment of schools. Copies of all ordinances passed were to be
mailed to the Secretary of State for Canada within ten days after the
passing of same. These were to be laid before both houses of parliament,
and might be disallowed any time within two years.
The laws and ordinances
in force in the Territories in 189S were, so far as applicable,
continued in the Yukon, unless repealed by the Parliament of Canada.
The Yukon Territory is
at present represented in the House of Commons by one member.