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History of Inverness County, Nova Scotia
Chapter XI - Princeville, R.I.

The pioneer settlers here were chiefly MacDonalds, and belonged to that branch of the MacDonalds known in history as the Clan Ronald. The MacDonalds of this Clan, like those of Glengarry, are descended from John, First Lord of the Isles, by his first wife, Annie MacRuari; whilst the MacDonalds of Sleat and the Isles, like the MacDonalds of Keppoch, are descended from the same Lord of the Isles by his second wife, The Princess Margaret Stuart.

The MacDonalds, as a Clan, have been pre-eminently straightforward, always observing that code of "Fingalian Justice" which provided that every man in a fight should have a chance of his life. In times gone by "the race was to the swift, and the battle to the strong."

Ann Cameron (Annie Donald Og) born at Suinart, Scotland, in 1764, came to Cape Breton in 1784 with her husband, Donald MacIntyre and their only child and daughter, Jane. They settled down at Princeville, River Inhabitants. Not long afterwards the husband, Donald MacIntyre, died, leaving his young widow, alone, with an infant child, in a new world of forest. But she was brave and prudent, and held fast. She granted 2000 acres of land at Princeville, and walked several times to Sydney to secure her title-deeds. In the course Of time she prospered exceedingly, having at one time as many as sixty ;tall fed cattle to send to market which was usually in St. John's, Newfoundland. After each of such shipments she could be seen, it is said, carrying home a bag of gold coin, consisting entirely of English sovereigns. She left with each of her five grandchildren, Donald, Angus, John, Alexander, and Donald (Og) Four Hundred acres of land, and died at River Inhabitants in 1854, at the age of Ninety years.


Hugh MacDonald (Big), son of John and Caroline MacDonald, was born in South Uist, Scotland, in the year 1778, and died at Princeville, River Inhabitants, on the 27th day of December 1862.

He emigrated with his parents to Cape Breton in the year 1790 and settled at River Inhabitants. He was married twice: firstly, to Jane the only daughter of widow Donald MacIntyre above noted, and secondly to Catherine MacInnes. By the first marriage he had Donald (Dhomhnuill Oighre), Alexander, John, Angus, Archibald, Donald (Og); Mary, Catherine, Annie, Margaret, Jessie and Jane. By the second marriage he had Catherine, Jane, Margaret and Christy. Of this large family of six sons and ten daughters only two, Jane and Margaret, are still living.

Dhomhnuill Oighre, eldest son of Hugh, was married to Mary, daughter of Archibald Cameron, with issue; Archibald, Donald, Jane, Katie, Mary, Margaret, Florence and Annie.

Archibald of this family married Annie MacDonald of Creignish and had five sons and one daughter. Donald was married to Annie MacDonald with issue: one son and two daughters.

Jane was married to John MacKay of Port Hood with issue: six sons and four daughters. Three of these sons died in infancy. The surviving children, or rather those who have reached maturity, were: Daniel J., late Postmaster at Port Hood; Archie of Edmonton, Alber-ta; Gussie, who died a few years ago at Salem, Mass; Emily, who married A. V. MacKay of Salem, Mass; Sister St. Catherine of the Congregation de Notre Dame and Sr. St. Marcella, deceased of the same order, and Mary Jane married to D. C. MacDonald of Port Hood.

Katie (daughter of Dhomhnuill Oighre) was married to Rory MacDonald Riverside and had two sons and two daughters.

Mary married John Cameron of Askillton with issue: one son and two daughters.

Margaret married Ronald MacDonald (Miles) West Bay Road, and had three sons and six daughters, namely: James, Hugh, John, Sister Mary Charles of Lawrence Mass., Sister Margaret James of Mt. St. Vincent, Halifax; Mary, Florence, Jane Frances and Mary Ann.

Flora married James MacArthur of Gloucester, Mass. with issue: one son and one daughter.

Annie was married to a Mr. Walsh of Beverely, Mass.

Alexander, second son of (Hugh Mor), was married to Flora MacMaster of Judique, with issue: Donald, John, Allan, Katie, Annie, Jane, Charlotte, Flora and Margaret. Alexander, the father of this family, died at Princeville, December 26th, 1876.

John, son of Hugh Mor, was married to Catherine, daughter of Duncan Grant of Long Point, and had, Donald, Alexander, Hugh, Duncan, Jane, Ellen, Christy and Mary.

Angus, son of Hugh Mor, was married to Flora, daughter of John. Morrison, with issue: Donald, John, Roderick, Hugh, Allan, Mary Ann and Cecilia.

Archibald (son of Hugh Mor) was married to Catherine Mac-Innes and had five sons and four daughters, namely: Hugh, John, Colin, Donald, Alexander, Mary, Jane, Annie and Katie.

Donald Og, son of Hugh Mor, was married to Katie Lacey (daughter of William) and had one son and one daughter. After his first wife's death he was married again to Kate MacEachern by whom he had one son.

Mary, daughter of Hugh Mor, was married to Alexander Chisholm, miller of Long Point, Catherine to Nicholas Doyle of West Arichat, with issue: four sons and four daughters; Ann to Angus Morrison of Cleveland, with issue, three sons and one daughter: Margaret to Donald Morrison of Cleveland and had one daughter; Jessie to Michael Cummings with two sons and one daughter; Jane to Joseph Morrison without issue.

Kate, daughter of Hugh Mor by his second marriage, was married to John Chishoim carpenter and had four sons and six daughters; Jane to John MacEachern of Glendale, four sons and two daughters; Margaret to John MacDonald (Roy) of Queensville with three sons and two daughters. The sons were Hugh, who was married to Martha Fynn, lived in Mabou and died there, Donald, a conductor on the C.N.R., and John; the daughters of John Roy were Annie, wife of L. N. MacIntyre, and Katie wife of James Lacey late of Glenora.

Two brothers and three sisters of Hugh Mor also emigrated to, America. The brothers Malcolm and Donald both took up farms at River Inhabitants, where some of their descendants still are. One of Hugh's sisters was married to Donald Campbell of St. Peters where she died some years ago at the age of One Hundred and Seven Years.

There is a Catholic Church and a Glebe House at Princeville, built in 1850. At first it was served by the Priest of Judique; now it is in the jurisdiction of the Priest of Creignish. The R. C. Church at the, Basin of River Inhabitants is served by the priest of Port Hawkesbury.


Just at the opening of the 19th century two brothers, Roderick Cameron and John Cameron, came from Marven, Scotland, and settled down at Upper River Inhabitants, side by side. Each of them took up 200 acres of good land. They were rugged men of fine physique.

Roderick was married coming here and had a large family, namely: John, Angus, Donald, Lillie, Ann, Jessie and Mary.

The son John was married and had a family of several daughters,. one of whom was married to a Mr. MacArthur and now lives on the old homestead.

The son Angus was married to a daughter of Big Neil MacDonald of East Lake Ainslie, and had two sons and one daughter, Jessie.

John Cameron (Og) had the following family: John, Roderick, Dougald, Hugh, Abraham, and two other sons whose names we failed to discover. A daughter, Lillie, married Allan Cameron (Red John) of River Inhabitants.

John (son of John Og) was married to Ann MacArthur, with issue: Willie, who died young; Arthur, who is now conducting the business formerly owned by "Peter Paint and Sons" at Port Hawkesbury; and John, who studied law, practised for a time at Port Hood with Daniel MacLennan K. C. and died at his mothers' home at Port Hawkesbury in the prime of his manhood. John, the father of this family was a sea captain who sailed his own vessel to and from many ports of the New England States. In Gloucester he met his fate and married Ann MacArthur with whom he took up his abode at Port Hawkesbury, where he died while his children were all youths. The widow was brave, kind, clever and businesslike. After the husband's death she conducted for years a successful and satisfactory hotel at Hawkesbury called "The Cameron House." Besides the three sons, Willie, Arthur and John, there was one daughter in this family who died young and unmarried.

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